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In this post of elections painstakingly… and if you give in to tiles of any candidate to change the name of the country? It is clear that this possibility is remote, but make the effort to imagine with us. Will he not believe that the current name represents us. It may be that you find ugly sound of the word Brazil…
For whatever reason, and if the new president decides to convert the Federative Republic of Brazil, officially the “Republic of Samba”? Can this Arnaldo?
The Republic of Samba?
Well, the principle is possible. But the road won’t be fun. First of all, you need to be a new constitution. But let’s go on parts.
Since 1503, Brazil is called Brazil. Before all the names is not official. Our land has been called pindorama, island of Vera Cruz, Terra de Santa Cruz (remember history lessons from school?). In these first years of life as a colony, just the name. Almost title.
It was the first constitution of the Empire in 1824, that we started winning titles and resonant. From 1824 to 1891, we were officially the Empire of Brazil.
At the beginning of the Republic with the Charter of 1891, turned the United States of Brazil — a clear inspiration to the United States of America. And remained so until 1967. Yes, believe me, it was the Constitution, the military changed the name to the Federative Republic of Brazil. And the Constitution of 1988 chose to track with the same name (and she wanted to wear this headache).
With such a variety of securities, this part of the appointment it may even seem more “flexible”. But the reality is that even the words “Federal Republic of Germany” is easy to change. Tape is not random. They reflect some of the items the stone of the Constitution. Are things that can’t be changed (or modified). Items in the stone as a whole is willing to in Article 60, § 4º. They are:
- The federal form of the state;
- Voting by direct, secret, universal international;
- Separation of powers: the Legislative, the executive, the judiciary;
- Individual rights and guarantees.
We are interested at this time, in fact, the Constitution, the state should be federal and republican system can not be changed. The Constitution assumes that this problem has been solved again on 7 September 1993 in the popular consultation to decide what will be the form of government. According to the art. 2 the temporary constitutional provisions act (ADCT) of the Constitution of 88, what was decided there is value-added point.
“The Republic” won the “parliament”. So this name can not be changed without a minimum of new posts (for the most of a new constitution).
As to the name of Brazil in the theory of the demands of “legal” is not the main obstacle. You need to justify good enough to make be worth all of this headache with a call center, cultural, popular and very strong.
Brazil, after all, is a hell of a candidate like name. A term is considered a “rich in its historical value”, it comes from the Pau-Brazil Wood, use a dye, which gained a reputation almost great folk having a conflict of Indigenous people with Portuguese.
A hypothetical proposal of the Republic of samba (or any other name), and therefore, you will need to be at the peak of this source is that almost mythical qualities.
Let’s say, though, that none of this convinces the president to the imagination. He wants to because he wants to change the name. And have decided to hold Constituent Assembly. What will happen?
In this case, the assembly is self-contained and can choose the name they wanted. It would be good tone to call the population to decide this with, but see that it is formed by members of Parliament the rationale of this popular consultation will be obligation.
The Constituent Assembly is only subject to a list of restrictions rather specific: from the Universal Declaration of human rights.
A despirocada National in the circle don’t take anything as well as internationally. Although we live in a sovereign state, the state, in theory, are free to do what you want, with the support of international organizations can not do without. In the case of Brazil, we had at least two: the organization of American States and the United Nations. At least two of these will need to be officially informed (and convinced of the validity) of the change.
The best example of this are the other countries which changed its name (Super challenge of them here) – so for them, and they got it, the beef was great. And all those involved in geopolitical issues specific very strong motives behind it. The name “Samba” will be much more difficult to legitimize – both inside and outside the country.
Advisory report: Dr. Marcílio Franca, a visiting professor at the Faculty of Law, University of Turin, Italy, he was legal adviser to the UN mission in East Timor.