President Dilma Rousseff’s government on the implementation of the agenda to expand the relations of Brazil with Africa. In the game to increase trade and Brazilian investment in the continent and strengthening South-South cooperation. The goal is to activate some of the bottlenecks experienced in the last decade of relationships, such as difficulties in obtaining export financing in the implementation of projects of development assistance.
Part of the agenda of negotiation on the $ 900 million debt of 12 African countries with Brazil, Rousseff announced during an official visit to Ethiopia in May. In addition to her, the agenda of other key actions: conduct missions to African countries to negotiate new investment agreements and the new financing conditions, which began in the first week of October, the reform of the Brazilian agency for cooperation (ABC), the agency linked to the Chancellery, there is no yet to happen.
“Measures to intensify the relations of Brazil with the African continent on the basis of mutual cooperation and mutual development. The rules of this, which delayed the country of the others that relations with the African continent,” he said in a note to the Civic Platform. The “other” is an indirect reference to the developed countries to China, which led to expand its presence in Africa over the past decade.
The agenda for Africa developed by the inter-ministerial team coordinated by the civil house in the shape, and then the Executive Secretary Beto Vasconcelos, the number two of the ministry. Called the Working Group on Africa was created with a view to the diagnosis of relations and make proposals for change to the president. The meetings began in the first half of 2012, the Ministry of foreign affairs, finance, development, industry and trade (MDIC), Agrarian Development (MDA).
The work ended with the presentation of the agenda Rousseff, a week before the presidential election, travel to Ethiopia – where the president announced some of the actions. In the sequence, assigned to the ministries responsible for the implementation of the actions.
“Many areas have business in Africa. The government has sought to align and develop a national strategy,” says the Executive Secretary of the Chamber of foreign trade (Camex), André the. According to the civil home, the Camex accompanies the actions of the economic agenda.
Lol. The agenda of Africa can change the face of management Dell about this topic. The impression from business people and diplomats is that the president amornou relations after the boom years of the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
With Lula in Brazil, expenditure on technical cooperation projects in African countries has seen an increase of 40 times and reached a record level of $ 20.2 million in 2010. With Dell, a decrease of $ 9.7 million in 2012. The same thing happened with Brazil exports to Africa. They came in the continued growth since 2001, interrupted only in the post-2008 crisis. The average annual increase in sales the next 24% from 2001 to 2011. Already in 2012, has focused her.
“Lula pulled entrepreneurship in Africa. Now it is the business that you need to pull Rousseff. Always had it just with squid that has changed a bit,” said the director of Odebrecht Mozambique Miguel Perez in an interview in May. “We insured the same,” commented a diplomat of the wars, in March.
Already the minister of Social Development, Tereza Campello, says that Dilma did not ignore Africa. “The position of President Lula and grandma. The kiss was Brazil back to Africa. It was too large, you don’t need to go there, to make propaganda to give a signal that you are open. Today the signs that Brazil need to take are of another nature”.
Trade. Hub economic calendar Africa want to sew a new trade and investment agreements on the continent, which is the fastest growing in the world. The expectation is that Africa’s GDP by more than 5% annually in the next decade. “Africa’s new frontier for business all over the world. With strong growth in all countries they travel to, there must be present. Not only in China, ” says the of the Camex.
The renegotiation of the debt was the first step to enable the new business, because the name dirty in the arena is limited to the sewing of funding and investments. In parallel, embarked on the revision of procedures for granting export credits provided by Brazil. According to the Camex process will become more organized. In addition, provided for the adjustment of lines of credit from BNDES, destined to African countries, according to the civil organization.
“What we seek today is the assembly of mechanisms that allow the condition of having sufficient safeguards to prevent at the same time the participation of Brazilian companies do not live economically,” says Luis Eduardo Melin, the BNDES. The chairman of the Africa and Latin America of the bank, which was established by presidential decree in April. The BNDES is also available this year opening its first office in Africa in South Africa. Two of the measures discussed in the Africa Group.
Already missions to Africa, one of the most important actions of the agenda, launched this month by the MDIC, visited Nigeria, South Africa, Angola and Mozambique. In the last three countries, it has proposed new models of investment agreements. “We have a proposal of terms environmental and social to that investment is not only the face of the economy, but also worry about which country will get it. The government have a duty to Brazilian investment abroad is qualified,” said Daniel Godinho, Secretary of foreign trade at the ministry.
South-South cooperation. In addition to the economic agenda for Africa, deals with cooperation for development in African countries. The idea of show don’t expand the budget and staff in the areas of emergency humanitarian assistance, technical cooperation, transfer of knowledge and technology in Brazil. According to the civil House, should be a priority “actions in Brazil specialized knowledge, such as the fight against poverty, education, health, and agriculture”.
Agenda Africa also provides for the establishment of a new legal framework on ABC. Today the body does not have the autonomy to implement the project without the partnership of an international organization. The measure announced Rousseff in Ethiopia resumed in public statements by the minister of External Relations Antonio Patriota. The Foreign Ministry says that the reform in the lettering is still under review.