Wilhelm Reich (1897-1957) was one of the greatest German intellectuals in the 20th century and in the work the psychology of masses of fascism (1933), reasoned that the duty of Social Psychology in the explanation of “that’s not why hungry steals or the exploit doesn’t hit, but that’s why most of the hungry do not steal and the majority of the exploited does not make the strike”. In the middle of the middle of the coercion of the social, understand the reasons that we bring order to disorder, even if it cost our lives or another? If many of the pages of psychology and social science seem to collide and counter-balance, leaving us adrift in the turbulent sea of sociability and relationship with the subject External we literature it seems to work like an axe that breaks very cruel movie that lasted us a river.
We can find the high version of this acute in the father against the mother and other tales (Editora Hedra), Machado de Assis anthology organized by Alexander Rosa, Flávio Ricardo Vassoler and Ieda Lebensztayn this is also a sign for in the introduction to the new edition: a man enemies will be persons of his house: critical and overlooked the meeting of the father against the mother.
“An obstetrician to give us the Welcome to this world with a slap that makes us cry – welcome to the valley of tears, the narrator machadiano the father against the mother tears the womb of his tale, on the basis that ‘social order and the human is not always achieved without the grotesque, ever the cruel'”. Imagine the number of black and conflict the axe in the midst of violence a slave Brazil call-the irony of the narrator to weaken the Psychic Life of the characters gives us the dimension of depth produced by the literature; society, self, and moral convictions, the utilitarian between the words, before the ascetics of the dictionary, in the middle of the realism of Machado de Assis.
Let’s consider the case of the father against the mother: Candinho about to sacrifice the life of his son, who, until then, the lady was unable to secure a living, when he catches sight of the slave’s flight Arminda who will not – but not only of pragmatism lives in the man, but all the economy that cimentará actions in your heart. Candinho left the abortion that I would pick up the slave. “The life of my son and daughter opportunities that can not be described except to point out the possessive pronoun, and the importance of what is on the face of what is intimate and irreversible – town.”
Noting in this abyss, the narrator exposes all of the secret bond that we all have what is how how this harmless conscience allows us to spend the dead of them from the neighborhood. We understand that Candinho is immured and wants to save the child. However, it needs to embrace his love with a strong film for the love of the slave or not used in the face of sympathy, as a parent, you will have with your son the other: love is possible only if the true hierarchy, there is space for everyone, because space is scarce; there is bread for all, because the experience is scarce, there is life at all, because “not all of revenge”. Machado de Assis vaccinated in the expediency of your fish – if a man, to get the greatest pleasure that can be special blanks coexistence with the other?
We can not turn a simple idiotia philosophers of utilitarianism, and here I mention the word “idiotia” in the accuracy of the information: to bet in the pursuit of individual men in their well-being, does not invalidate, or destroy his social life and personal expediency determines the individual as the material of the first unambiguous of social life, saying that this same life will be more fair to the individual enterprise is protected at any given time suppresses the need for social relations. But we see that when he accepted the provisions of the development of the more interesting and the material dispersion (in the smiling narrator of protection) in the social world.
The irony of the author, the paragraphs that form the body text that appear neutral and distant relations to violence as a result of interaction between the account of social life and personal truth father Candinho. “Cândido Neves, kiss the son between the real tears”, the feeling of the father does not die, on the contrary, the certainty of the abyss that there is between Son and daughter you can ensure peace of mind for those who belongs to the group of neighborhoods than those who were not meant to be prohibited, and, at the same time and on the same side, Candinho “Mubarak leak and does not give abortion. – Not all kids – hit you with the heart”. Grooves that literature stops at the layer of ice that covered the river of life, socially administered, the release of the wrists prior to that we were able to see.
*Kayo Sarack is a master in philosophy from FFLCH/USP and professor of the Institute Siddhartha and Colégio Nossa Senhora do Morumbi